Zero TB in Tibetan Kids
Tibeten refugee children living in India suffer from tuberculosis (TB) at an astounding rate 12 times higher than that of Indian children. Alliance for a Healthier World researchers are addressing this critical health-equity challenge with innovative approaches in diagnostics, therapeutics, and patient education to create the most effective strategies for eliminating TB among refugee children in Dharamsala, India.
OUR RESEARCH TEAM APPROACH TO SOLVING
Using a Global-to-Local approach, our team will leverage Johns Hopkins University faculty expertise in the areas of health communications, health economics, psycho-educational counseling, and TB control and treatment in partnership with local stakeholders to conduct school-based screenings and implement novel drug regimens.
The cutting-edge methods include:
Point-of-care molecular testing for TB
Novel short-course treatment for latent TB
The use of social media, apps, and e-learning to facilitate mobilization, education, and communication
Collaboration Across Sectors
This approach was designed through a collaboration between Johns Hopkins schools of Medicine, Nursing, Public Health, Business, Education, and Arts & Sciences. Our researchers are partnering with the Tibetan Delek Hospital and the Tibetan community in India.
The project has the full support of His Holiness the Dalai Lama; political leaders from the Central Tibetan Administration; the Ministries of Health and Education; the Tibetan Children’s Villages; and the larger Tibetan community.
A substantial proportion of Tibetan children in India attend boarding schools for educational, spiritual, and cultural instruction. The schools, largely supported by charitable donations, provide a nurturing environment, good nutrition, and a rigorous curriculum. However, children live in dormitories and hostels with up to 40 children per room or dormitory, often in over-crowded conditions. During harsh Himalayan winters, ventilation is not optimal, thus increasing the transmission of TB.
This multidisciplinary collaboration represents the unification of global experts to address a major health inequity faced by a vulnerable refugee population.
This initiative is potentially scalable and sustainable for the Tibetan population not just in Dharamsala but across India. Results from this project will inform policy and action at the national and global level, which is significant because current screening and treatment related to latent TB are largely insufficient despite the proven benefit of TB preventive therapy.