Summary of Concept
Rationale for Prioritizing Food & Nutrition Security
We are witnessing multiple burdens of malnutrition, with some countries, communities and households suffering from combinations of undernutrition, overweight and obesity, and micronutrient deficiencies. Grappling with these multiple burdens of malnutrition are deeply tied to political, social and economic factors.
There are currently 784 million people who are undernourished, 159 million children under five who are chronically undernourished or stunted, 50 million children under five who are acutely malnourished or wasted, and 2 billion and 1.2 billion people who are estimated to be iron and zinc deficient respectively (FAO 2015; UNICEF/WHO 2015; Black et al 2013). Although child mortality and undernutrition is slowly declining, it is unclear if these trends will remain with significant external drivers that will challenge us – climate change, population pressure, persistent social inequalities, and geopolitical conflict. Current estimates on climate change, for example, are expected to have dramatic impacts on crop yields, notably in South America, Africa, and South Asia, while also leading to greater food price volatility that are likely to have their greatest impact on the poor (Havlik et al 2015).